doctor performing a skin cancer check on a patient from Englewood Cliffs

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States, with more than 9,500 Americans diagnosed each day. Regular skin checks with a board-certified dermatologist can significantly improve an individual’s chance of early detection.

Skin cancer is the most common cancer worldwide, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation. One in every five Americans will develop skin cancer by the age of 70. It is also a deadly disease—more than two people in the U.S. die of skin cancer every hour. Early detection is essential to ensuring effective treatment and a positive prognosis, which is why the board-certified dermatologists at Scherl Dermatology in Englewood Cliffs, NJ, encourage regular skin checks.

Around 90% of all skin cancers are linked to sun exposure. The disease occurs when the DNA in skin cells mutates, resulting in abnormal growth. Although sun exposure is a crucial factor, skin cancer can also develop in areas of the body that are not exposed to the sun.

What Are the Types of Skin Cancer?

There are three main types of skin cancer:

Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common and least deadly type of skin cancer. It forms with the basal cells of the skin, which are just underneath the outermost skin layer of the epidermis. Basal cell is characterized by tumors that form on the skin’s surface and may resemble a red patch, scar, sore, or bump with a central indentation and rolled edges. Basal cell carcinomas can crust, itch, bleed, or ooze. Early treatment is best for the complete eradication of the cancer and the best cosmetic result after treatment.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

The second-most common form of skin cancer is squamous cell carcinoma, or SCC. Squamous cells within the epidermis become abnormal and accelerate growth, usually as a result of sun exposure. These cancers typically form on sun-exposed areas like the face, neck, lips, ears, arms, hands, back, legs, and bald scalp areas. However, they can also occur on other areas of the body not exposed to the sun, such as the genitals. SCCs signs are:

  • Open sores that don’t heal
  • Thickened and rough skin patches
  • Red areas
  • Raised growth with a central depression or a scaly surface

This cancer kills more than 15,000 people every year in the U.S.


Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. Fortunately, it is also the least common. This type of cancer develops in the melanocytes, skin cells located at the deepest layer of the epidermis. These are the cells that produce melanin, which gives skin its color. One early symptom of melanoma is a change in an existing mole that might affect the shape, color, size, or texture. In some cases, melanoma develops in a new mole. This type of cancer requires a biopsy to diagnose it correctly.

Risk Factors for Skin Cancer

doctor from Scherl Dermatology performing a skin cancer check

Scientists have identified specific factors that increase a person’s risk for getting skin cancer:

  • Fair skin, especially combined with blond or red hair and blue, green, or gray eyes
  • A history of bad sunburns, especially blistering sunburn
  • Skin that burns or freckles rather than tans
  • Multiple moles (50 or more) or moles diagnosed as atypical nevi or dysplastic nevi
  • Family history of skin cancer, particularly when the diagnosed family member is a parent, sibling, or child
  • Personal history of skin cancer or actinic keratoses (AKs)

How to Prevent Skin Cancer

The best way to treat skin cancer is to prevent it. These steps can help to lower your risk of this dangerous disease significantly: 

  • Avoid sun exposure between 10 am and 4 pm when UV rays are strongest 
  • Do not sunbathe or use tanning beds 
  • Always wear protective clothing, UV-blocking sunglasses, and a broad-brimmed hat
  • Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF 30 or higher daily, even when it’s cloudy 
  • If outside for extended periods, reapply sunscreen every 2 hours or after sweating or swimming
  • Perform a self-assessment on your skin monthly to look for new or changing moles 
  • Have a professional screening with a board-certified dermatologist annually 

How to I Know If I Have Skin Cancer

It is essential to schedule an appointment with a board-certified dermatologist whenever you notice any changes or other concerning symptoms on your skin. Keep in mind that not all skin changes are due to cancer. However, a prompt evaluation and diagnosis can ensure that whatever your skin concern might be, we can treat it quickly and correctly at our Englewood Cliffs, NJ office for the best possible result.

Skin Cancer Treatments

skin cancer consulation

Mohs Surgery

Doctors consider Mohs surgery as the gold standard surgical technique for treating basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We also occasionally recommend Mohs surgery for more aggressive skin cancers such as melanoma. This precise procedure removes very thin layers of skin until all cancerous tissue is eliminated from the area. 

Photodynamic Therapy

Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) is a medical treatment that involves two steps: the use of a light-sensitive drug and the application of a light source to destroy abnormal cells. The drug used in PDT works by eliminating cancerous and precancerous cells and treating sun damage. When combined, the photosensitizer and light source causes a reaction that can remove unwanted cells and provide you with a healthy, improved appearance.

Curettage and Electrodesiccation

This surgical procedure may be used to treat small basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers. It involves scraping the tumor with a curette (a surgical instrument shaped like a long spoon) and then using an electric needle to gently cauterize (burn) the remaining cancer cells and some normal-looking tissue. This scraping and cauterizing process is typically repeated 3 times. The wound tends to heal without stitches. 


Don’t wait to ensure your skin is healthy and cancer-free. Contact our office today to schedule your consultation.


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Mohs surgery is the most effective treatment for certain types of skin cancer. Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States and around the world. While dangerous, skin cancer is treatable with early detection.

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Skin Growths

REMEMBER you may have multiple types of bumps and bumps and some that may not be listed here:

  • Small, hard, white bumps (milia)
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Scherl Dermatology

140 Sylvan Ave. Suite 302,

Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632

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Scherl Dermatology

By Scherl Dermatology | ©2023 All Rights Reserved. Design & Development by Goldman Marketing Group | Sitemap | Privacy Policy | The information available on this web site is provided for informational purposes only. This information is not intended to replace a medical consultation where a physician's judgment may advise you about specific disorders, conditions and or treatment options. We hope the information will be useful for you to become more educated about your health care decisions. If you are vision-impaired or have some other impairment covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act or a similar law, and you wish to discuss potential accommodations related to using this website, please contact us at 201.584.5253.